A 阀杆 major wearing goggles 和 working with machinery.

如果你的专业是阀杆领域, that means your degree program falls under the umbrella of science, 技术, 工程或数学. 而阀杆本身并不是你的专业, programs in this category include ones that emphasize research, innovation or the development of new technologies.


乔纳森·卡米克阀杆专业吸引着有着不同兴趣和背景的人——即使他们不打算进入高技术领域. 这是因为 阀杆 courses often include experiential learning 机会、实验室和项目 乔纳森Kamyck, associate dean of cyber security programs at 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址 (巴黎人贵宾会官方网址). Kamyck said you can benefit from assignments that allow you to explore, reflect 和 apply your problem-solving skills to real-world projects.

例如, Kamyck’s students learn ethical hacking techniques to compete in a competition called the 国家网络联盟 (NCL). 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址的NCL团队最近被放置在 前10名 在全国范围内. 不管他们在比赛中表现如何, 虽然, 他说, students get to practice with authentic technologies, reflect on what they’ve learned 和 leave with resume-building experience.


你可能会惊讶地发现 学士学位项目 属于阀杆范畴. Listed below is a list of undergraduate degree programs that you might not have considered:

  • 网络安全程度 – Ransomware 和 other intruders not only hold an organization’s network hostage, 但它们可能会让公司损失数百万美元. 学习如何应对网络威胁, assess risk 和 apply security techniques by taking courses that address network security, application security 和 incident response 和 investigation. 在攻读学位时, 您可能有机会使用常见的操作系统和软件(如OpenVAS和Snort)来评估网络安全性, 学习Python或Java等编程语言, 并使用像Cisco Packet Tracer和GNS3这样的模拟工具来实践配置和保护真实的计算网络. 了解更多关于 多么了不起的网络安全学位啊.

  • 数据分析程度 -随着数据量的持续爆炸, organizations look to professionals who can collect, 从中管理和发展洞察力. A data analytics degree online combines facets of business, 信息技术, 和 mathematics 和 teaches you how to use data mining, 仿真和优化. 您可能会接触到Python等工具, SQL, Tableau和R键用于脚本, 数据操作, 可视化和统计分析. 了解更多关于 什么是数据分析.

  • 环境科学学位 – Climate change 和 global warming continue to spark concerns worldwide. 环境科学家保护巴黎人贵宾会官方网址的星球,研究空气质量、清洁能源和水质. 他们分析了各种环境问题,从气候变化到人口过剩再到生物多样性. 在攻读环境科学学位时, 通过课程学习和实践经验,你可以在自然科学和物理科学方面打下坚实的基础. 了解更多关于 什么是环境科学.

  • 游戏编程和开发学位 -所有行业都在使用游戏开发工具和技术来教育员工和测试安全性. If virtual reality 和 creating games 和 simulations in 2D 和 3D excite you, 这个领域的学位可能是最合适的. You may have the opportunity to study game genres 和 platforms, 界面设计, 博弈论与游戏开发产品. You'll also learn how to 创建 experiences within virtual game environments.

  • 地球科学学位 – Much more than the study of rocks 和 volcanoes, geosciences look at the processes that form 和 shape Earth's surface, natural resources 和 how water 和 ecosystems are interconnected, 据美国.S. 地质调查局(美国地质调查局). 如果你攻读地球科学学位, 你可以分析数据,使用最新的技术来研究地球的各个方面,并展示你的发现. 了解更多关于 地球科学是什么.

  • 信息技术学位 – 技术 is integral to smooth business operations, 和 it’s critical to put the right solutions in place to ensure security 和 continuity. 信息管理不太关注软件开发,而是关注信息管理, 编程, 网络和web系统. 在获得IT学位的时候, you may have the option to concentrate in areas such as business management, project management 和 data analytics in addition to cyber security 和 software development. 了解更多关于 什么是信息技术.

  • 数学学位 -解决当今复杂的商业问题需要专业人士运用数学推理和解决问题的技巧. 作为一个结果, employment in math occupations is projected to grow 28% from 2020 to 2030, 比平均速度快得多美国劳工统计局表示. 如果你攻读数学学位,你可以广泛接触数学的主要分支. You can also learn industry-st和ard 编程 languages like Python, Matlab 和 R to become more competitive in the job market. 了解更多关于 多么了不起的数学学位啊.

美国.S. 美国国土安全部(DHS)提供了教育部认可的stem指定专业的完整名单(国土安全部PDF源).


劳工统计局报告称,到2030年,计算机和IT岗位的就业将增长13%It’s not surprising that one of the most popular 阀杆 majors is a 计算机科学学位. 由于大数据和云计算的增长, dem和 for workers with strong 技术 skills continues to grow. 根据美国.S. 劳工统计局(美国劳工统计局), employment in computer 和 信息技术 jobs is expected to 增长13% ——比平均水平更快——到2030年. The median annual salary for professionals working in these occupations in 2021 was $97,430—more than double the median salary for all occupations.

Even if you aren’t interested in computer science, other 阀杆 majors offer ample opportunities 和 competitive salaries for new graduates. 例如,您可以考虑 工程学位. 年复一年, engineering jobs comm和 the highest average starting salaries 和 the lowest unemployment rates, 根据一项 Bankrate的研究. According to 美国劳工统计局, environmental engineers earned a median annual salary of $96,820 in 2021.Infographic with the text 美国劳工统计局 reports computer 和 IT professionals earned a median salary of $97,430 in 2021

统计上,从事阀杆行业的专业人士比非阀杆行业的同行失业率更低,收入更高, according to the National Center for 科学 和 工程 Statistics (nc). Workers who majored in a 阀杆 field typically earned higher salaries, too: $101,100 vs. $87,600 平均而言,根据美国的一项调查.S. 统计局的调查. About half of the 阀杆 jobs filled in 2019 related to computer occupations, 29%的学生在工程专业, 调查报告.

Earning a 阀杆 degree doesn’t only boost your earnings potential 和 position you for success in a technical field; it offers you transferable skills that are attractive to hiring managers across all sectors. 美国.美国人口普查局的调查显示,2019年62%的阀杆专业学生受雇于商业等非阀杆领域, 社会科学或传播学.


阀杆 majors can be challenging, but their rigor shouldn’t stop you from pursuing one. Expect to take a variety of foundational science, math 和 computer courses. 在你的程序, 你会被要求运用批判性思维, data analysis 和 complex problem-solving skills to a variety of projects 和 experiments.

If you are juggling work, family or other commitments, you may decide to 以较慢的速度完成阀杆学位. 选择一所提供灵活性并认可你之前在工作中获得的知识的大学会让你更容易获得学位. If you already hold IT certifications, you may be eligible to 转移学分 对你的程序. 

有更多的程序可在线, you may still be able to work full-time while you pursue your 阀杆 degree. 在家学习也会让你更容易把时间花在上课上. 了解更多关于 在线课程如何运作.

You might also consider taking one step at a time when it comes to completing your 阀杆 degree. 获得一个 计算机科学大专学历例如,可以立即提供工作机会,而且可以在不到两年的时间内完成. Web开发人员通常可以获得副学士学位,并获得中等工资 $77,200 根据劳工统计局的数据.

一些学校, 如巴黎人贵宾会官方网址, 然后允许你申请所有的60个副学位学分到四年的学位,这样你就可以有一个良好的开端 advancing from an associate to a bachelor's degree.

Many universities incorporate high-dem和 credentials into their coursework, further preparing you for entry into your field of choice. 例如, computer science undergraduates at 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址 learn programs such as C++, Java Script 和 Python – 编程 languages that are used to develop software, 应用程序和网站. 当你从这个项目毕业时, you should be able to show prospective employers a portfolio of your work, demonstrating your ability to apply your knowledge to real-world challenges.


If you already hold a bachelor’s degree in a non-阀杆 field, you may wish to 获得第二个学士学位 or a master’s degree to improve your job prospects. Career changers 和 career advancers often leverage 硕士学位 to earn promotions or move from individual contributor roles to leadership roles, said Kamyck.

作为你的一部分 网络安全硕士项目, 例如, you can learn how to develop enterprise-wide security strategies on behalf of your organization, 他说.

A master’s degree in a 阀杆 field can also provide new insights into programs, 研究技术和分析,可以帮助你提高效率,增加你目前的工作的商业价值. 不管你的最终职业目标是什么, a graduate degree in a 阀杆 field can set you apart from the competition. 


有了阀杆学位,根据你的专业,你将准备好进入各种令人兴奋的角色. Here are a few careers you might pursue with a bachelor’s degree, broken down by major.


拥有计算机科学学位你能做什么 可能包括并肩工作的角色:

  • 完整的开发人员 - develop 和 troubleshoot the front end 和 back end of an application. 前端开发者关注用户粘性, 经验和接口, 而后端开发人员则专注于数据库和浏览器之间的站点或应用程序的功能. As a full-stack developer, you must be knowledgeable about both. 根据Payscale的估算, the average full-stack web developer earned an annual salary of $79,608 截至2022年.

  • 手机应用程序开发人员 - design applications for mobile devices 和 make sure they work properly. The most important critical skill you need to become an app developer is the ability to code. 截至2022年,他们的平均年薪为 $75,603PayScale的调查显示.

  • Web开发人员 -建立和维护网站. 他们开发, 创建, 测试网站或界面布局, 功能和导航最大限度的可用性. 他们的平均年薪为 $77,200 根据劳工统计局的数据,2020年. Through 2030, this job is supposed to 增长13%, 比平均速度快得多.

  • 计算机程序员/软件开发人员 编写和测试允许计算机应用程序和软件程序正常运行的代码. 2021年,他们的年薪中位数为 $93,000美国劳工统计局表示.


一些 网络安全角色的类型 可能包括:

  • 信息安全分析师 -计划和执行旨在保护组织的计算机网络和系统的安全措施. 2021年,他们的年薪中位数为 $102,600. The job is expected to grow 33% through 2030, much faster than the average美国劳工统计局报告.

  • 网络安全分析师 - focus on safeguarding information 和 network security 和 earn a median annual salary of $77,130 截至2022年Payscale网站称, with top earners making upwards of $110,000.

  • 它审计师 -分析公司的网络基础设施,并定期进行风险评估和合规测试. 他们的平均年薪约为 $70,956 according to data published 截至2022年Payscale网站称.


一些 职业生涯数据分析师 可以追求的工作包括:

  • 数据库管理员和架构师 - design or organize systems that store 和 secure data. 他们的平均年薪为 $98,860 根据劳工统计局的数据,2020年.

  • 行动研究分析师 ——解决业务, healthcare or logistics problems by gathering 和 analyzing data gleaned from computer databases, 销售历史和客户反馈. 2021年,他们的年薪中位数为 $82,360美国劳工统计局报告.


教育 in environmental science could pair well with these roles:

  • 保护科学家和护林员 - study the l和 quality of forests, parks, rangel和s 和 other natural resources. 他们的平均年薪为 $63,750 根据劳工统计局的数据,2021年.
  • 环境科学家和专家 - apply what they’ve learned in the natural sciences to protect the environment. They may clean up polluted areas, develop policies or work with companies to reduce waste. 他们的平均年薪为 $76,530 根据劳工统计局的数据,2021年.


如果你对电子游戏感兴趣, a degree in game 编程 和 development could help you work alongside:

  • 游戏开发者 - work on teams to write code for video game software. They bring video games to life on computers 和 gaming consoles. The median annual salary for this job 截至2022年 is $83,867Payscale网站称.
  • 游戏艺术家 -专注于游戏开发的设计方面,如创造虚拟游戏世界或设计游戏中出现的角色. The median annual salary for this role 截至2022年 is $58,288Payscale网站称, with experienced artists earning more than $70,000.

Derald Wise和文本两届巴黎人贵宾会官方网址毕业 德拉德·怀斯,14 18G first came to the game 编程 和 development field while in the military 和 afterward, training servicemembers for deployment using simulators. "In the process of training soldiers using 技术, 显然,我开始更加熟悉这项技术是如何被开发和使用的,”他说.

Wise went back to school to earn a bachelor's degree in the field 和 a 市场营销专业硕士学位 然后在他的职业生涯中利用了这两者作为专注于模拟技术的沉浸式顾问.



  • 环境保护技术 - work in the field as consultants for various projects from construction to clean-up efforts. They also work in test labs or for the government, according to the 美国劳工统计局. In 2021, technicians earned a median annual salary of $47,370, 美国劳工统计局 reported. The role is expected to grow 11% through 2030, which is faster than average.
  • 地球物理数据技术人员 -利用他们的数据分析技能,更好地了解地球,帮助定位和评估自然资源. They often help discover valuable resources, such as coal 和 oil. Professionals in this field earned a median salary of $48,310 据美国劳工统计局报道,2021年.

怀亚特·马腾森和文本怀亚特Martensen“21 began doing geospatial work while enlisted in the U.S. 军队, 和, with the encouragement of his chief warrant officer, decided to advance his education with a bachelor's degree in the field while active duty. 制图师, 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址的地球科学项目排列得很好, 他说, 这为他的角色打开了更多的大门.

他说:“我的工作是确保所有的浮标和港口,所有的地图和图表都是最新的,并确保这些地图的归属正确,”Martensen说. “帮助我完成大学学业的最大的事情就是了解我现在在日常工作中使用的程序."


有很多 IT职业类型,包括:

  • 计算机和信息系统管理员 - plan, coordinate 和 oversee all computer-related activities in an organization. 他们的平均年薪为 $159,010 根据劳工统计局的数据,2021年. Job growth in this role is expected to be 11% through 2030, 比平均速度快得多.


有了数学学位,你就可以 考虑职业,比如:

  • 精算师 - apply mathematics, statistics 和 financial theory to assess financial risk. This profession is in particularly high dem和 in the insurance industry, 还有一些专门做健康保险的, life insurance 和 property 和 casualty insurance, 但也可能延伸到公共部门. According to 美国劳工统计局, job prospects for actuaries are set to 飙升24% through 2030, far faster than the national average. The median annual salary for actuaries was $105,900 in 2021.
  • 数学家和统计学家 - analyze data 和 apply computational techniques to solve problems. In this role, you are often required to have a master’s degree. Individuals in these roles earned a median annual salary of $96,280 根据劳工统计局的数据,2021年. The job is expected to grow 33% through 2030, 比平均速度快得多.

Do you know everything there is to becoming a 阀杆 major? While you might not have decided which program is right for you, 您可以从许多选项中选择,这将允许您探索最新的主题,并应用您的知识. 不管你最终选择了什么阀杆专业, the skills you’ll learn will prepare you to solve tomorrow's challenges.

学位可以改变你的生活. 找到巴黎人贵宾会官方网址 在线阻止程序 这最能帮助你实现你的目标.

Krysten戈弗雷克斯 '11 is a writer 和 marketing/communication professional. 接通她的电话 LinkedIn.


A coding bootcamp student studying on a computer


Coding bootcamps are a way to hone desired skills in the tech field. 这些训练营可能适合目前在该行业中希望增长或提高自己的编码学科知识的任何人, or for new learners looking to begin a career in the tech world.
A woman sitting at a desktop working on information security

什么是资讯保安? 为什么它很重要,就业前景和其他

双因素身份验证, 用户许可和防火墙是巴黎人贵宾会官方网址保护巴黎人贵宾会官方网址的私人信息不受外部来源影响的一些方法. 由于技术的广泛使用, the need for protection from security threats has been continuously growing. 
Man working as IT manager st和ing in a server room working on a laptop.


信息技术(IT)是一个广泛的专业类别,涵盖包括建立通信网络在内的功能, 保护数据和信息, 解决电脑问题.


Two students walking in front of Monadnock Hall

巴黎人贵宾会官方网址是一个 非营利组织在制度上认可的 大学的使命是让每个人更容易获得和负担得起高质量的教育.

Founded in 1932, 和 online since 1995, we’ve helped countless students reach their goals with 灵活,注重职业发展项目. 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址在曼彻斯特占地300英亩的校园, NH有超过3个,000名学生, 巴黎人贵宾会官方网址提供超过135种,000名学生在线. 访问巴黎人贵宾会官方网址关于巴黎人贵宾会官方网址 以了解更多关于巴黎人贵宾会官方网址的任务, 认证评估, 领导团队, 国家认可和奖项.